The Advent wreath is rooted in a European pagan tradition that was to light candles during the winter to represent the fire of god, to return with its light and heat during the winter. The first missionaries took this tradition to evangelize people. The crown is formed by a variety of symbols.
Advent are the four Sundays before Christmas, they form a unit with Christmas . The color used in the liturgy of the Church during this time is purple. With Advent a new liturgical year begins in the Church. The meaning of Advent for the believers is that of waiting for the Lord.
During Advent, is placed in churches and in some homes a wreath of pine branches, called Advent wreath with four candles, one for each Sunday of Advent. There is little tradition of Advent: each of these four candles is assigned a virtue to be improved in that week, for example: first, hope; the second, peace; the third, fourth tolerance and faith.
First Sunday of Advent: “The Lord is coming.” In the opening prayer the faithful ask God to quicken their desire to reach out to Christ accompanied by their good works. The Sunday Gospel texts are taken from the end of the eschatological discourse of Jesus and insist on monitoring required by the unexpected return of Jesus.
First Sunday of Advent is celebrated on the fourth Sunday before Christmas. This year, it is held on Sunday 30th; in 2015 on November 29th, in 2016 on November 27th, in 2017 on December 3rd, and in 2018 on December 2nd.
The feast of Christ the King is celebrated the Sunday before the first Sunday of Advent, and ends with it the Ordinary Time. This is a great time to share with family, foster good habits, values and of course the love between friends and family.
Christmas is set to a fixed date, December 25; Advent begins four Sundays before Christmas. The first Sunday of Advent refers to the first Sunday of the Christian liturgical year period, in Latin: “Adventus Redemptoris” which means “coming of the Redeemer.”
The Season of Advent (from the Latin adventus, “advent”, “arrival”), is a time of preparation for the Birth of Jesus, representing the four thousand and more years old that people were waiting and longing for the coming the Messiah. Season of Advent lasts four Sundays.