The World AIDS Day emerged from the World Conference of Ministers of Health on Programmes for AIDS Prevention, held in London in January 1988, in which delegates from over 140 nations unanimously declared 1988 as a year of communication about AIDS.
In recent years , thanks to World AIDS Day , the access to diagnosis, proper use of condoms and information about the routes of transmission, preventive measures for HIV have been promoted. These themes are international strategies that establish the need to look at individual behavior change and also locates it as vulnerable to the epidemic, to take effective actions and decisions to prevent transmission.
Sexual transmission: Sexual intercourse can transmit HIV, whether homosexual or heterosexual. Perinatal Transmission: A female carrier of HIV can transmit the infection to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
directors of our defense system. HIV initially remains “asleep” within lymphocytes. In some cases, after a time, often years
for reasons not yet well determined, the virus is activated, and begins to destroy the cells. Thus, HIV progressively weakens the immune system, making our body can not properly fight many germs.
AIDS means Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
Syndrome: Set of manifestations (symptoms) that characterize a disease. Immune: Related to the immune system of our body. Deficiency: Indicates that the immune system does not work or malfunctioning. Acquired: That is acquired. It is not congenital or hereditary.
AIDS is an infectious disease caused by a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). An infectious disease is one that is caused by a germ that can be spread from one person to another. A virus is a small infectious particle that can only live as a parasite of the body’s cells, where it multiplies. Outside the cells it survives with difficulty and for a short time.