The Saltire

 The flag of Scotland is also known as the flag of St Andrew (St. Andrew’s flag and also The Saltire) since medieval times, as the white cross on the flag represents the cross on which Saint Andrew was crucified on 30 November (60 DC). St Andrew´s Day is celebrated in different countries on November 30.
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The relics

Saint Andrew  was first recognized as patron of Scotland in 1320, and the city of Saint Andrews, where the relics were preserved, became a place of pilgrimage. Although the relics were destroyed during the Scottish Reformation, in 1879 the Archbishop of Amalfi gave to Scotland a new relic, which today can seen at St Mary‘s Cathedral in Edinburgh.

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A Holy Victory

St Andrew became Scotland´s patron because one night of the year 832, before a battle against the Angles, the saint appeared and announced to the King Angus II that he would win. The following morning, on the battlefield, a white cross in the form of X appeared in the blue sky, and the Picts, encouraged, were victorious.

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Scottish Culture

 The Scottish flag is hoisted and waves in buildings; some museums and attractions offer free or discounted entry; people gather to dance; and the cities are filled with poetry, music and activities for all ages. In other countries celebrations take place; around 50 million people worldwide have Scottish blood.
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